Cyclamen are a beautiful and simple indoor flowering plant that blooms throughout the winter. They’re a great way to bring some springtime color into your home during the colder months. Our greenhouse staff would like to make sure you’re properly caring for your cyclamen with this information:
Cyclamen : pronounced (SY-klə-men), also known as “florist cyclamen” is a genus of 23 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Primulaceae (aka: primrose family). Cyclamen species are native to Europe and the Mediterranean. They grow from tubers and are valued for their flowers with upright petals and a neat pattern on the leaves. The petals come in a variety of white, pinks, red, and purple. During the summer time the plant will go dormant due to the higher temperature but will bloom again once the weather cools down.
Watering: Cyclamen should be kept moist by watering in a tray and allowing the roots to take up the water rather than watering from above the plant which can lead to rotting (similar as to watering African violets). Remove yellow leaves and spent flowers.
Fertilizing: While in bloom, keep the root ball moist and feed the plant every 3-4 weeks while in bloom. A low nitrogen fertilizer would be good to use on these guys. Like a 10-10-10 or a 20-20-20 formula. The increased potassium and phosphate fertilizer will enhance the blooms while still providing just the right nutrition for the foliage of this plant. Once they begin to go dormant (around April) you should stop fertilizing it. Just be sure to dilute whichever fertilizer you choose by ½ of what the directions call for.
Light: Give cyclamen bright, indirect light in the winter. While your plant is dormant during the summer, keep it out of bright light. You can move it to a shady spot outdoors in summer. Just make certain it is not getting too much water.
Temperature: Cyclamen do not like extreme heat, but they are not frost-hardy. While flowering, cyclamens should be kept below 20 °C (68 °F), with the night time temperatures preferably between 6.5 °C to 15 °C (44 °F to 59 °F). Temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F) may induce the plant to go dormant. Do not expose it to temperatures below 50 degrees F. Also avoid drafts as well as hot, dry air.